Cap (Convertible Note)

The “cap” on a convertible note outlines the maximum valuation at which the investment in the convertible note can convert into equity.

Capital Gains

Capital gains are equivalent to the appreciation in an asset’s value that is realized when it is sold—they apply to any type of asset, including investments and those purchased for personal use.

There are two forms of capital gains, short-term (which are held for one year or less before being sold) or long-term (held more than one year before being sold).

Capital Growth 

Capital growth is the appreciation in the value of an asset or investment over time. It is a percentage that is measured by subtracting the current value of an asset from its original purchase price, divided by the original price.

Capital Under Management

The term ‘capital under management’ refers to the amount of money that is available to invest by a fund, group or syndicate.

Cap ( Capitalization Table)

The cap table outlines all of the owners of a company, their equity percentage, equity dilution, and value of equity in each round of funding.

Cash Advance

The term ‘cash advance’ refers to a lump sum payment that a company receives in exchange for making a series of fixed monthly payments in the future.

Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is a financial statement that outlines all of the revenues and expenses of a company over a defined period of time.

Cash Inflows

The cash inflows of a business equal the excess of its revenues over its expenses.

Cash Outflows

The cash outflows of a business equal the excess of its expenses over its revenue.

Cash Position

 The cash position of a company is equivalent to the amount of cash that it has on its books at a specific point in time.The cash position of a company is equivalent to the amount of cash that it has on its books at a specific point in time.

Certificate of Incorporation

The certificate of incorporation is a legal document that relates to the formation of a company.

Change in Control

The term ‘change in control’ relates to a contractual provision that gives a party certain rights (such as consent, payment or termination) in connection with a change in ownership or management of the other party.

Churn Rate

The churn rate of a business refers to the percentage of its customers that have “churned” or ceased being a customer in a specified time period. The typical time period used to calculate a businesses churn rate is one month—enabling them to map it over time and identify trends.

Cliff vesting

The term ‘cliff vesting’ refers to the period of time in which a new employee must remain employed by the company in order to “unlock” a portion of their shares. The typical cliff for new stock-based compensation agreements is one year. 


Collateral refers to any asset that is owned by a company, and is used to secure a loan or other debt-investment.

Common Stock

Common stock, like preferred stock, is a form of ownership in a company. Typically common stock is owned by employees and founders, while preferred stock is owned by investors.

Compliance Costs

Compliance costs are expenses that arise when a company adheres to regulatory requirements.

Condition Precedent

The term ‘condition precedent’ refers to the requirement in a deal for a condition or an event to occur before a right, claim, duty, or interest arises. If the condition precedent is not met, neither party is obligated to perform.


A contingency is a requirement of a deal, that if not satisfied results in the other party being released from its obligations.